General and Systematic Pathology (3rd edn). J. C. E. Underwood (ed.). Churchill Livingstone, No. of pages: Price: £ ISBN: 0. Chapter 1 General Embryology. Chapter 7 General and Systemic Pathology. Chapter 7 covers general and systemic pathology, and includes cellular injury, death, adaptation, inflammation, immune deficiency syndromes, and selected respiratory, renal, RBC, and endocrine pathologies. download General and Systematic Pathology - 5th Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN ,
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Field of Medicine: Pathology, histopa- thology, clinical pathology. Format: Soft cover. Audience: Students of medicine, veteri- nary medicine, dentistry. Pathology is a scientific study of diseases. In this book, you will learn the basic mechanisms of diseases. Pathology is divided into general & systemic pathology . is devoted to General Pathology, whereas the remaining two-thirds cover Systemic . Systemic Pathology, the revised edition has been reorganised into 3 major.
Alimentary System. Biliary System and Exocrine Pancreas. Endocrine System. Female Genital Tract. Male Genital Tract. Kidneys and Urinary Tract. Lymph Nodes. Thymus and Spleen. Blood and Bone Marrow. Osteoarticular and Connective Tissues.
Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems. Classify the major types of diabetes mellitus and list the causes of secondary DM 4 3. List the complications of DM, with special reference to the vascular system, kidney, and peripheral nervous system Disorders of the pituitary gland 1. Discuss the clinical syndromes and presenting features resulting from anterior pituitary tumours 2. Outline the disorders associated with hypopituitarism and the clinical syndromes thereby produced Disorders of the adrenal gland 1.
Discuss the clinical features, causes and pathology of Cushing's syndrome 2. Outline the clinical features, biochemical abnormalities and pathology phaeochromocytoma of Disorders of the thyroid gland 1. List the causes and discuss the clinical features of hypo and hyperthyroidism 2. Define goitre, list the causes and briefly describe the pathology.
Give an account of autoimmune thyroiditis as exemplified by Graves' disease and Hashimoto's thyroiditis with particular emphasis on epidemiology, associated diseases, pathogenesis, clinical features, pathology and complications 4. List the causes of thyroid "nodules" and distinguish between benign and malignant tumours of the thyroid. Briefly describe the main types of thyroid carcinoma with particular reference to risk factors, morphological features, mode of spread and prognosis Hyperparathyroidism 1.
Describe the clinical features and complications of hyperparathyroidism f. Describe the main diseases of the urinary tract Acute renal failure 1. Classify the causes of acute renal failure into pre-renal, renal and post-renal.
Outline the systemic effects and pathological changes in the kidney of acute renal failure Chronic renal failure 1. List the common causes of chronic renal failure 2.
Describe the pathological changes of chronic renal failure in the kidney 3. Outline the systemic effects of chronic renal failure, particularly on bone Disorders of the glomerulus 1. Describe the pathogenetic mechanisms underlying glomerular injury and the tissue reactions of the glomerulus to injury.
Define the terms nephrotic syndrome and nephritic syndrome 3. Describe the clinical syndromes associated with glomerulonephritis. Outline the clinicopathological features of the common types of glomerulonephritis Disorders of the tubules and interstitium 1. Describe the risk factors, morphology and complications of acute and chronic pyelonephritis 2.
Describe the clinical features, causes and pathology of acute tubular necrosis 5 Vascular disorders of the kidney 1.
Outline the effects of hypertension on the kidney Renal cell carcinoma 1. Give an account of renal cell carcinoma with emphasis on presenting features, morphological appearances and associated paraneoplastic syndromes Obstructive uropathy 1.
Outline the causes and pathology of reflux nephropathy 2. Describe the causes and effects of outflow obstruction at different levels in the urinary tract Urinary tract calculi 1. Discuss the aetiology and pathological consequences of calculi in the kidney and ureter. The kidney in systemic disease 1.
Describe the effects on the kidney of diabetes mellitus Carcinoma of the bladder 1. List the sites of origin of transitional cell carcinoma and discuss the epidemiology, risk factors and pathogenesis. Give an account of transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder with emphasis on morphology, grading, staging and prognosis g. Describe the main diseases of the male genital system Prostatic hyperplasia 1. Discuss aetiological hypotheses, clinical features, morphology and complications of nodular hyperplasia of the prostate Carcinoma of the prostate 1.
Discuss the importance of prostatic carcinoma in terms of incidence and mortality 2. Describe the aetiological hypotheses, morphological appearance, staging and prognosis of prostatic carcinoma Diseases of the testis 1. Outline the important inflammatory conditions of the testis, particularly tuberculosis 2. Give a brief classification of testicular tumours. Outline what is known of the aetiology and pathogenesis 3.
Compare and contrast seminoma and teratoma in terms of clinical features, morphological appearance, tumour markers, treatment and prognosis h. Describe the main diseases of the female genital system and breast Disorders of the endometrium and body of uterus 1. Briefly describe non-neoplastic lesions of the endometrium, in particular endometritis and polyps 2. Outline the theories of causation, pathological features and complications of endometriosis 3.
List the causes of endometrial hyperplasia. Discuss the relationship to endometrial carcinoma.
Give an account of endometrial carcinoma with emphasis on risk factors, clinical features and pathology 6 5. Outline the clinical features, pathology and complications of uterine leiomyomas Papilloma virus infection 1. Outline the spectrum of pathology related to HPV infection; warts, intraepithelial neoplasia and invasive carcinoma Carcinoma of the cervix 1. Give an account of cervical carcinoma, in particular theories on pathogenesis, relationship with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia CIN , clinical features, pathology and staging Disorders of the ovary 1.
Give a simple classification of ovarian cysts and neoplasms. Describe the clinical features and pathology of the common tumour types Benign breast disease 1. Outline the pathology and natural history of fibrocystic change of the breast 2.
Briefly describe the pathology and natural history of fibroadenoma, duct papilloma and phyllodes tumours Carcinoma of the breast 1. List the risk factors for carcinoma of the breast 2. Describe the aetiology, classification, pathology and staging of breast carcinoma j. Describe the main diseases of the central nervous system i. Cerebrovascular disease 1.
List the risk factors for cerebrovascular disease 2. Outline the pathology of cerebral infarction Intracranial haemorrhage 1.
List the possible sites for intracranial haemorrhage. Outline the common causes of bleeding at each site 2. Describe the aetiology and pathology of cerebral aneurysms Cerebral infections 1.
Describe the causes, clinical features, pathology and complications of acute pyogenic meningitis 2. Compare the CSF findings in bacterial and viral meningitis 3. Briefly describe the pathology of tuberculous infection of the CNS Raised intracranial pressure 1. Owing to the availability of the oral cavity to non-invasive examination, many conditions in the study of oral disease can be diagnosed, or at least suspected, from gross examination, but biopsies, cell smears, and other tissue analysis remain important diagnostic tools in oral pathology.
Medical training and accreditation[ edit ] Main article: Medical specialty Individual nations vary some in the medical licensing required of pathologists. In the United States, pathologists are physicians D. Training may be within two primary specialties, as recognized by the American Board of Pathology: anatomical Pathology and clinical Pathology , each of which requires separate board certification.
The American Osteopathic Board of Pathology also recognizes four primary specialties: anatomic pathology, dermatopathology, forensic pathology, and laboratory medicine. Pathologists may pursue specialised fellowship training within one or more subspecialties of either anatomical or clinical pathology. Some of these subspecialties permit additional board certification, while others do not.
The training to become a pathologist is under the oversight of the Royal College of Pathologists. After four to six years of undergraduate medical study, trainees proceed to a two-year foundation program. Full-time training in histopathology currently lasts between five and five and a half years and includes specialist training in surgical pathology, cytopathology, and autopsy pathology.
It is also possible to take a Royal College of Pathologists diploma in forensic pathology, dermatopathology, or cytopathology, recognising additional specialist training and expertise and to get specialist accreditation in forensic pathology, pediatric pathology , and neuropathology.
All postgraduate medical training and education in the UK is overseen by the General Medical Council. In France, Pathology is separate in two distinct specialties, anatomical pathology and clinical pathology. Residencies for both lasts four years.
Residency in anatomical pathology is open to physicians only, while clinical pathology is open to both physicians and pharmacists. At the end of the second year of clinical pathology residency, residents can choose between general clinical pathology and a specialization in one of the disciplines, but they can not practice anatomical pathology, nor can anatomical pathology residents practice clinical pathology.